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Rules of Determination of Origin of Goods Under the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement Rules, 2006
Notification No. 94/2006-Cus. (N.T.), dated 31-8-2006
Notification No. 430-Cus., dated 1-11-1976 as amended by Notifications No. 64-Cus., dated 1-4-1978; No. 22-Cus., dated 27-1-1979, No. 192-Cus., dated 14-8-1981; No. 30/95-Cus.(N.T.), dated 22-5-1995
In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 5 of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975 (51 of 1975), and in supercession of Notification No. 430/1976-Customs dated 1st November 1976 (as amended) the Central Government hereby makes the following rules, namely : -
RULE 1 : Short title and commencement :-
(i) These rules may be called the Rules of Determination of Origin of Goods under the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement, (formerly known as the Bangkok Agreement) Rules, 2006.
(ii) These Rules shall come into force on 1st September 2006.
RULE 2 : Originating products
Products covered by preferential trade within the framework of the Agreement imported into the territory of a Participating State from another Participating State which are consigned directly within the meaning of Rule 6 hereof, shall be eligible for preferential concessions if they conform to the origin requirement under any one of the following conditions :
(a) Products wholly produced or obtained in the exporting Participating State as defined in Rule 3; or
(b) Products not wholly produced or obtained in the exporting Participating State, provided that the said products are eligible under Rule 4 or Rule 5.
RULE 3 : Wholly produced or obtained
Within the meaning of Rule 2(a) the following shall be considered as wholly produced or obtained in the exporting Participating State :
(a) raw or mineral products, extracted from its soil, its water or its seabeds
(b) agricultural products harvested there;
(c) animals born and raised there;
(d) products obtained from animals referred to in paragraph (c ) above;
(e) products obtained by hunting or fishing conducted there;
(f) products of sea fishing and other marine products taken from the high seas by its vessels;
(g) products processed and/or made on board its factory ships exclusively from products referred to in paragraph (f) above;
(h) parts or raw materials recovered there from used articles which can no longer perform their original purpose nor are capable;
(i) used articles collected there which can no longer perform their original purpose there nor are capable of being restored or repaired and which are fit only for disposal or for the recovery of parts or raw materials;
(j) waste and scrap resulting from manufacturing operations conducted there;
(k) goods produced there exclusively from the products referred to in paragraph (a) to (j) above.
RULE 4 : Not wholly produced or obtained
(a) Within the meaning of Rule 2(b), products worked on or processed as a result of which the total value of the materials, parts or produce originating from non- Participating States or of undetermined origin used does not exceed 55 per cent of the f.o.b. value of the products produced or obtained and the final process of manufacture is performed within the territory of the exporting Participating State shall be eligible for preferential concessions, subject to the provisions of Rule 4(c), (d) and (e).
(b) Sectoral agreements
(c) The formula for calculating the content of non-originating materials, and its requirement for obtaining the originating status referred to in Rule 3(a) is as follows :
(d) The value of the non-originating materials, parts or produce shall be :
(i) the c.i.f. value at the time of importation of materials, parts or produce where this can be proven; or
(ii) The earliest ascertainable price paid for the materials, parts or produce of undetermined origin in the territory of the Participating State where the working or processing takes place.
(e) Whether or not the requirements of Rule 2(b) are satisfied, the following operations or processes are considered to be insufficient to confer the status of originating products :
(i) Operations to ensure the preservation of products in good condition either for transportation or storage (ventilation, spreading out, drying, chilling, placing in salt, sulphur dioxide or other aqueous solutions, removal of damaged parts, and like operations);
(ii) Simple operations consisting of removal of dust, sifting or screening, sorting, classifying, matching (including the making-up of sets of articles), washing, painting, cutting up;
(iii) Changes of packaging and breaking up and assembly of consignments;
(iv) Simple slicing, cutting or repacking or placing in bottles, flasks, bags, boxes, fixing on cards or boards, etc.
(v) The affixing of marks, labels or other like distinguishing signs on products or their packaging;
(vi) Simple mixing;
(vii) Simple assembly of parts of products to constitute a complete product;
(viii) Slaughter of animals;
(ix) Peeling, unflaking, grain removing and removal of bones; and
(x) A combination of two or more operations specified above.
RULE 5 : Cumulative rules of origin
Products which comply with origin requirements provided for in Rule 2 and which are used by a Participating State as input for a finished product eligible for preferential treatment by another Participating State shall be considered as a product originating in the territory of the Participating State where working or processing of the finished product has taken place provided that the aggregate content originating in the territory of the Participating States is not less than 60 percent of its f.o.b. value.
RULE 6 : Direct consignment
The following shall be considered as directly consigned from the exporting Participating State to the importing Participating State :
(a) if the products are transported without passing through the territory of any non-Participating State :
(b) the products whose transport involves transit through one or more intermediate non- Participating States with or without transshipment or temporary storage in such countries, provided that :
(i) the transit entry is justified for geographical reason or by considerations related exclusively to transport requirements;
(ii) the products have not entered into trade or consumption there; and
(iii) the products have not undergone any operation there other than unloading and reloading or any operation required to keep them in good condition.
RULE 7 : Treatment of packing
When determining the origin of products, packing should be considered as forming a whole with the product it contains. However, packing may be treated separately if the national legislation so requires.
RULE 8 : Certificate of origin
Products eligible for preferential concessions shall be supported by a Certificate of Origin issued by an authority designated by the government of the exporting Participating State and notified to the other Participating States in accordance with the attached sample Certificate of Origin and notes for the completion thereof.
RULE 9 : Prohibition and co-operation
(a) Any Participating State may prohibit importation of products containing any inputs originating from States with which it does not have economic and commercial relations.
(b) Participating States will do their best to co-operate in order to specify origin of inputs in the Certificate of Origin.
RULE 10 : Review
These Rules may be reviewed as and when necessary upon request of one-third of the Participating States and may be open to such modifications as may be agreed upon.
RULE 11 : Special criteria percentage
Products originating in least developed Participating States can be allowed a favorable 10 percentage points applied to the percentages established in Rules 4 and 5. Thus, for Rule 4, the percentage would not exceed 65 per cent, and for Rule 5, the percentage would not be less than 50 per cent.
SAMPLE CERTIFICATE OF ORIGIN
Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement
(Combined declaration and certificate)
Notes for completing Certificate of Origin
I. General Conditions :
To qualify for preference, products must :
(a) fall within a description of products eligible for preference in the list of concessions of an Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement country of destination;
(b) comply with Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement rules of origin. Each article in a consignment must qualify separately in its own right; and
(c) comply with the consignment conditions specified by the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement rules of origin. In general, products must be consigned directly within the meaning of Rule 6 hereof from the country of exportation to the country of destination.
II. Entries to be made in the boxes :
Box 1 Goods Consigned from
Type the name, address and country of the exporter. The name must be the same as the exporter described in the invoice.
Box 2 Goods Consigned to
Type the name, address and country of the importer. The name must be the same as the importer described in the invoice. For third party trade, the words "To Order" may be typed.
Box 3 For Official Use
Reserved for use by certifying authority.
Box 4 Means of Transport and Route
State in detail the means of transport and route for the products exported. If the L/C terms etc. do not require such details, type "By Air" or "By Sea". If the products are transported through a third country this can be indicated as follows :
e.g. "By Air"
"Laos to India via Bangkok"
Box 5 Tariff Item Number
Type the 4-digit HS heading of the individual items.
Box 6 Marks and Numbers of Packages
Type the marks and numbers of the packages covered by the Certificate. This information should be identical to the marks and numbers on the packages.
Box 7 Number and Kind of Packages; Description of Goods
Type clearly the description of the products exported. This should be identical to the description of the products contained in the invoice. An accurate description will help the Customs Authority of the country of destination to clear the products quickly.
Box 8 Origin Criterion
Preference products must be wholly produced or obtained in the exporting Participating State in accordance with Rule 3 of the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement Rules of Origin, or where not wholly produced or obtained in the exporting Participating State must be eligible under Rule 4 or Rule 5.
(a) Products wholly produced or obtained : enter the letter "A" in Box 8.
Products not wholly produced or obtained : the entry in Box 8 should be as follows :
1. Enter letter "B" in Box 8, for products, which meet the origin criteria according to Rule 4. Entry of letter "B" would be followed by the sum of the value of materials, parts or produce originating from non-Participating States, or undetermined origin used, expressed as a percentage of the f.o.b. value of the products; (example "B" 50 per cent);
2. Enter letter "C" in Box 8 for products, which meet the origin criteria according to Rule 5. Entry of letter "C" would be followed by the sum of the aggregate content originating in the territory of the exporting Participating State expressed as a percentage of the f.o.b. value of the exported product; (example "C" 60 per cent);
3. Enter letter "D" in Box 8 for products, which meet the special origin criteria according to Rule 11.
Box 9 Gross Weight or Other Quantity
Type the gross weight or other quantity (such as pieces, kg) of the products covered by the Certificate.
Box 10 Number and Date of Invoices
State number and date of the invoice in question. The date of the invoice attached to the Application should not be later than the date of approval on the Certificate.
Box 11 Declaration by the Exporter
The term "Exporter" refers to the shipper who can either be a trader or a manufacturer. Type the name of the producing country and the importing country and the place and date when the declaration is made. This box must be signed by the Company's authorized signatory.
Box 12 Certification
The certifying authority will certify in this Box.